VAST DIVERSITY OF WROCLAW IN DATELESS SILESIA, POLAND

Wroclaw is also called the ‘Venice of Poland’ due to its settlement on several islands in the river Oder, so let’s have a closer look.

Confrontation with the Centennial Hall from 1913

The old city of Wroclaw in Silesia can be followed back in a moving history for more than 1,000 years. Diverse actors played a role during all this time so that the town can profit from diverse influencing cultures and people till today.

Breslau during the Seven Years’ War, 1760, Johann-Gottfried Rüder

Some catastrophies did happen ever again like town fires in medieval times whereas the town has been only wiped out two times by crucial war actions. After the invasion of the Mongolians in 1241 the city was completely plundered and destroyed. But only shortly thereafter the city was again quickly reconstructed by German settlers what was finalized in 1261. Till 1945 the Germans (more precisely the Silesians) remained the formative power in town which’s name was Breslau for more than 700 years.

Postcard featuring nice spots of old Breslau, early 20th century

Breslau’s New Market at the end of WW II in Summer 1945

At the end of World War II the Nazis declared the whole municipal area as a military fortress to be defended by all means. The subsequent house-to-house combat between the German Wehrmacht and the Soviet Red Army ravaged and destroyed large areas of Breslau. Afterwards the city became a double symbol of forced displacements and migration because according an agreement of the Allies first all remaining German citizens had to leave Breslau and Silesia to render place for expatriated Polish people living in Polish areas in the East which were claimed and then finally occupied by the former Sovietunion.

Outlook on the new Capitol Theatre

Impression of the Dome Island

Early morning on Tusk Bridge

The new Polish citizens and residents in town have invested much time and energy in the reconstruction of the destroyed town after the atrocities of the wartimes such creating a new town now named Wroclaw. Today you can admire again a lot of historical buildings from diverse epochs and multiple styles in the old town being really worth a visit.

 

Gateway in the old town

Dreamy bridge inside the  amazing Botanical Garden


White Stork Synagogue from 19th century

Sculpture and green near the dome

We have just spent 48 hours here in Wroclaw by early July of 2019 and have found so much cultural richness although having seen just a little bit of the Silesian capital, so we really need to return someday again.

Linked to restlessjo:

Jo’s Monday walk : Cosmopolitan Horta